Volume 3 Issue 4                         October – December 2015

ASSEMBLY LINE BALANCING: A REVIEW [pp 01-04] 
Ali Syed Afzal, Dr. Saxena Ravindra Mohan
Abstract: Assembly line balancing is process, how tasks are to be assigned to workstations, so that the goal of
production can achieve. Minimization of the number of workstations and maximization of the production rate are the main goals of assembly line. This paper presents the reviews of different works in the area of assembly line balancing and find out latest developments and trends available in industries in order to minimize the total labour cost and time of workstations to improve the overall productivity.


DESIGN & DEVELOPMENT A PISTON HEAD FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE USING COORDINATE MEASURING MACHINE- A REVIEW        [pp 05-08]
Jangid Brajesh, Dr. Saxena Ravindra Mohan
Abstract: Reverse engineering was done on a direct injection piston compressing natural gas. Reverse engineering is a way to redesign a product to create a new product which has similar functions and improvement in the ability of the original product. The objectives of this research are to get the piston point cloud to be used in CAD three dimension modeling, to obtain the accuracy between existing designed pistons and reverse engineered designed piston, to calculate the accuracy of the prototype. In this research discuss about pervious research on design and development piston head for internal combustion engine using coordinate measuring machine and also discuss the assumptions and affect, which is taken by researcher. In this paper we have discussed about effecting parameters of design to piston head and force surface measurement.


ANALYSIS OF FRAMING OF MULTIPLE MOVING OBJECT USING MEAN SHIFT ALGORITHM   [pp 9-13]

Traptimala Mishra, Md. Amzad Quazi, Md. Abdullah

Abstract –The goal of this paper is to review the different types of tracking methods, classify them into different categories and analysis their drawbacks & advantages. Object tracking, in general, is a challenging problem. Difficulties in tracking objects can arise due to abrupt object motion, changing appearance patterns of the object and the scene, non rigid object structures, object-to-object and object-to-scene occlusions, and camera motion. Tracking is usually performed in the context of higher-level applications that require the location and/or shape of the object in every frame. Typically, assumptions are made to constrain the tracking problem in the context of a particular application. In this survey, we categorize the tracking methods on the basis of the object and motion representations used, provide detailed descriptions of representative methods in each category, and examine their pros and cons. Moreover, I have discuss the important issues related to tracking including the use of appropriate image features, selection of motion models, and detection of objects and framing.


A REVIEW ON APPLICATION AND PERFORMANCE OF EARTH AIR HEAT EXCHANGER     [pp 14-16]

Tushar bhavsar, Dr. V.N. Bartaria, Rajeev Singh Chouhan

Abstract – The temperature of earth at a certain depth about 2 to 3m the temperature of ground remains nearly constant throughout the year. This constant temperature is called the undisturbed temperature of earth which remains higher than the outside temperature in winter and lower than the outside temperature in summer. When ambient air is drawn through buried pipes, the air is cooled in summer and heated in winter, before it is used for ventilation. The earth air heat exchanger can fulfill in both purpose heating in winter and cooling in summer. This paper presents a review of air conditioner with ground coupled condenser that will be achieve the multi functions with decrease energy requirement on residential building. It is increasing the efficiency of residential air conditioning units. With the improvement of standard of living, air-conditioning has widely used. In this paper, recent research is investigated for air-conditioning systems and indoor air quality. The limitations in the existing research are summarized.


 

INVESTIGATION OF SEIZURE FAILURE OF HEAVY DUTY ENGINE PISTON: A REVIEW  [pp 17-21]

Rakesh Kumar Gupta, Nitin Malviya, Dr. Ajay Kumar Kaviti

Abstract – In IC engine piston failure is a common phenomenon, but it is very serious problems which still exist. It is only the component of IC engine that encountered failure from different origins like thermo-mechanical stress, wear, fatigue, extreme temperatures etc. In the present works the problem of piston seizure failure of a four stroke diesel engine we observed one seized engine piston of four stroke heavy duty diesel engine at different parameters. We also believe that there exists a theoretical gap in technology of the seizure physics and hence advanced theories should be developed to enhance the understanding of this complex seizure mechanism.


 

A REVIEW ON CLOSED PATTERN GRAPH MINING USING TWO LAYERED ARCHITECTURE OF BIG DATA  [pp 22-25]

Ankit Kumar Gupta, Garbita Gupta

Abstract – The aim of this paper is to analysis and decide the value of a neighborhood preference based on the previously access web pages by users. Here two layers maintain authorization and authentication by users. It also maintains neighborhood profile similarity for next prediction of users. The main achievement of this research is to provide decision tree based of Horizontal Partition with Genetics Algorithm. This analysis is important for the prediction of different close value of website. In this paper we combine two techniques of classification and genetic algorithm to increase the efficiency of the website performance. The classification of items in website is used to provide classification among different values of the user profile and then genetic algorithm provide a close among these values.


A SURVEY ON BLACK HOLE DETECTION AND PREVENTION METHODS  [pp 26-30]

Abhijeet Singh Baghel, Bhagwat Kakde, Manish Trivedi

Abstract – An ad-hoc network is a collection of mobile nodes that dynamically made a temporary network and are low structure. Networks are secured by many firewalls and encryption softwares. But lots of them are not much sufficient and effective due to its limitations in power and mobility. The ultimate goal of the security solutions for wireless networks is to provide security services, such as authentication, confidentiality, integrity, anonymity, and availability, to mobile users. Black hole attack is one of the dangerous security loop hole in ad-hoc networks


 

ANALYSIS THE SIMULATION OF VAPOUR COMPRESSION REFRIGERATION SYSTEM CIR

CUIT FLOW THROUGH CFD- A BRIEF REVIEW   [pp 31-34]

Abhinandan Jain, P K Upadhyay, Jitendra Singh Chouhan

Abstract – The performance of heat transfer is one of the most important research areas in the field of thermal engineering. There are a large number of refrigerants, which are used to transfer heat from low temperature reservoir to high temperature reservoir by using vapour compression refrigeration system. Various affecting parameters like compressor discharge temperature, pressure ratio, volumetric cooling capacity (VCC), volumetric efficiency and mass flow rate are analyzed to calculate the performance of the vapour compression refrigeration system. In this paper presents different types of refrigerant using in vapour compression refrigeration system and reviewing the performance of system with different refrigerants. In this paper, we mainly focus on the mass flow rate on evaporator, compressor, throttle value and capillary tube.


RADAR IMAGE PROCESSING USING NON ADAPTIVE FILTER WITH ENHANCEMENT ALGORITHM [pp 35-40]

Manoj S. Parihar, Ankit Chouhan

Abstract –In image processing, image is corrupted by different type of noises. Synthetic aperture radar images are high resolution images of geographical areas ,moving and stationary objects. The intensities of pixels in these images are based on the spatial orientation, roughness, and dielectric constant of the surface and object imaged. So forming the images are challenging and refining them is difficult. Speckle noise is a significant disturbing factor for SAR ….


 

ANALYSIS OF COLOUR DETECTION OF OBJECT WITH BACKGROUND SUBTRACTION IN OBJECT TRACKING [pp 41-44]

Ajay Sharma, Neelesh Gupta

Abstract – Tracking and detecting of object is most important and use for motion detection of various objects on a given video or an image. The applications of object detection and tracking are farming, military, transportation, civil, security and commercial use. Some methods commonly use in it are background subtraction, Frame difference, template matching and shape based methods.